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2018版高考英语二轮复*(含解析):专题限时集训27 短文改错(Ⅱ)

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专题限时集训(二十七)
A

短文改错(Ⅱ)

(对应学生用书第 142 页)

(2017· 湖北省八校联考)It was on a warm autumn day that my father and I walk into my new high school. After registered in the classroom,the volunteer took me to my dormitory. Altogether I had five roommates,two of which arrived later.I got to know my new roommate immediately. Although I was quite unwilling to say “Goodbye” to my father,but he had to leave to home. I suddenly realized I had grown up and that I had to look after me and live independently.Not until then I know my senior high school life had real begun. 【答案】 walk It was on a warm autumn day that my father and I walked into my new high registered the school. After registering in the classroom, a volunteer took me to my dormitory. which Altogether I had five roommates,two of whom arrived later.I got to know my new roommate roommates immediately. Although I was quite unwilling to say“Goodbye” to my but to father, / but ﹨ he had to leave yet for home. I suddenly realized I had grown up and that me ∧ I had to look after myself and live independently.Not until then did I know my senior high school life had real begun. really

第一处:walk→walked。考查动词时态。根据“It was on a warm autumn day”可知, 事情发生在过去,故用一般过去时。 第二处:registered→registering。考查动名词。after 是介词,后跟名词、代词或 动名词作宾语,故用动名词形式。 第三处:the→a。考查冠词。volunteer 是可数名词,且第一次在文中出现,故用

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不定冠词修饰。 第四处:which→whom。考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,应用 whom 引导非 限定性定语从句,在从句中作介词 of 的宾语,修饰先行词 five roommates。 第五处:roommate→roommates。考查名词复数。由上文的“I had five roommates” 可知,室友不止一个,故用复数形式。 第六处:删除 but 或将 but 改为 yet。考查连词。在英语中,although 和 but 不能 同时出现在一个句子中,故删除 but。也可将 but 改为 yet。补充:此处也可将 Although 删掉,但是语意上没有修改 but 好。 第七处:leave 后的 to 改为 for。考查介词。leave for 意为“前往”,为固定词组, 符合语境。 第八处:me→myself。考查代词。与句子主语 I 呼应,应用反身代词,意为“照 顾好自己”。 第九处:then 后加 did。考查倒装句。not until 置于句首时,常采用部分倒装,即 把助动词放在主语之前。由时间状语 then 和下文的时态可知,此处用一般过去 时,故用 did。 第十处:real→really。考查副词。修饰动词应用副词,故将 real 改为 really。 B 【导学号:52384089】 (2017· 洛阳市第一次统一考试)My father is the man I respect most.Strict as he may be,however he never fails to show her care and consideration.Once I broke a neighbor window.Seeing nobody around,I ran away immediately.When Dad came home,he noticed my uneasiness and asked me what has happened.I could only tell him a truth.Instead of scold,he praised my honesty and then encouraged me to apologize our neighbor.I learned from this incident that not only does Dad take care of my health and he also teaches me what to be a good citizen.How luckily I am to have
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such a good father! 【答案】 My father is the man I respect most.Strict as he may be,however ﹨ he never fails her neighbor to show his care and consideration.Once I broke a neighbor's window.Seeing nobody around,I ran away immediately.When Dad came home,he noticed my has a uneasiness and asked me what had happened.I could only tell him the truth.Instead scold ∧ of scolding,he praised my honesty and then encouraged me to apologize to our neighbor.I learned from this incident that not only does Dad take care of my health and what luckily he also teaches me to be a good citizen.How but how lucky I am to have such a good father! 第一处: 删除 however。 考查连词。 在 as 引导的让步状语从句中, 表语放句首时, 从句倒装,分析句子结构可知,however 多余。 第二处:her→his。考查代词。与上文人称代词 he 保持一致,可知,此处应用形 容词性物主代词 his。 第三处:neighbor→neighbor's。考查名词所有格形式。此处用名词所有格形式作 定语,修饰名词 window。 第四处:has→had。考查动词时态。与 asked 呼应可知,此处应用过去完成时, 表示过去的过去。 第五处:a→the。考查冠词。tell the truth 为固定词组搭配,符合语境,故用定冠 词 the。 第六处:scold→scolding。考查动名词。介词后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语, 故用动名词 scolding 作介词 of 的宾语。 第七处:our 前加 to。考查介词。apologize to sb.意为“向某人道歉”,为固定词

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组搭配,故用介词 to。 第八处:and→but。考查连词,not only...but also...意为“不但……而且……”, 为固定结构,故用连词 but。 第九处:what→how。考查疑问词。与 teaches 呼应可知,此处表示方式,故用 how。 第十处:luckily→lucky。考查形容词。与 I am 呼应可知,此处应用形容词 lucky 作表语。 C 【导学号:52384090】 (2017· 福州市五校联考) Boys and girls, May I have your fully attention, please? I have announcement to

make.To welcome our friends in the United States,the Student Union was going to hold a party on Saturday evening,February 20.As never,the party will be held in the lecture hall of the Main Building.They will begin at 7 pm.There will be music, dancing,singing or exchange of gifts.Will everyone please to bring along a small gift for this purpose? Remember to pack it up,sign your name and writing a few words of good wishes.Don't miss the party, where I believe we will have a lot of funs.Everyone is welcome. That's all.Thank you. 【答案】 Boys and girls, fully ∧ May I have your full attention, please? I have an announcement to make.To in was welcome our friends from the United States,the Student Union is going to hold never a party on Saturday evening,February 20.As ever ,the party will be held in the They lecture hall of the Main Building. It will begin at 7 pm.There will be music,
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or dancing,singing and exchange of gifts.Will everyone please ﹨ to bring along a writing small gift for this purpose? Remember to pack it up,sign your name and write a few words of good wishes.Don't miss the party,where I believe we will have a lot of funs fun .Everyone is welcome. That's all.Thank you. 第一处:fully→full。考查形容词。修饰名词要用形容词,故用 full。 第二处:announcement 前加 an。考查冠词。announcement 表示“通告、公告” 时是可数名词, 且此处第一次提到, 表示泛指, 故应加上不定冠词; announcement 的读音以元音音素开头,故用 an。 第三处:in→from。考查介词。根据语境可知,此处表示欢迎来自美国的朋友, 而不是欢迎在美国的朋友。 第四处:was→is。考查时态。这里说的是从现在看将要发生的事情 ,不能用过 去将来时,应用一般将来时。 第五处:never→ever。考查行文逻辑。此处表示“像之前一样,像往常一样”, 故用 ever。 第六处:They→It。考查代词。此处指代前面的 the party,故用 It。 第七处:or→and。考查连词。根据句意以及下文提到的让大家准备礼品可知 , 此处表示并列关系而非选择关系,故用 and。 第八处:删除 bring 前的 to。考查情态动词。情态动词后应用动词原形,故 to 多 余。 第九处:writing→write。考查固定搭配。此处应用动词原形 write 与 pack,sign 并列。

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第十处:funs→fun。考查名词。fun 为不可数名词,没有复数形式。 D (2017· 广东省七校联合体联考)I like travelling and my dream of visit Beijing, the capital city of our country, come true during the National Day holidays this year.In October 1st, I went to Tian'anmen Square with my parents, there we watched the flag ?raising ceremony. As I watched flag rising slowly,I sang the national anthem, feeling extremely exciting.Then we went to some other famous tourist attraction,like the Great Wall.Standing on the Great Wall,I felt very proudly.I thought of the old saying that“One who fail to reach the Great Wall is not a hero.”Although I was tired, but I really had a good time. 【答案】 visit I like travelling and my dream of visiting Beijing,the capital city of our come In country, true during the National Day holidays this year. I went came On October 1st, there to Tian'anmen Square with my parents,where we watched the flagraising ceremony. As I watched ∧ the flag rising slowly,I sang the national anthem,feeling extremely

exciting attraction .Then we went to some other famous tourist excited attractions ,like the Great proudly Wall.Standing on the Great Wall,I felt very proud .I thought of the old saying fail that“One who fails to reach the Great Wall is not a hero.”Although I was tired, but ﹨ but / yet I really had a good time. 第一处:visit→visiting。考查动名词。of 为介词,后接动名词作宾语。 第二处:come 改为 came。考查动词的时态。根据该句中的“this year”可知,该处 讲述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。 第三处:In→On。考查介词。介词 on 表示在具体的某一天。 第四处:there→where。考查定语从句。根据语境可知,此处应用 where 引导非
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限制性定语从句,修饰先行词 Tian'anmen Square。 第五处:flag 前面加上 the。考查定冠词。根据语境可知,这里的 flag 表特指, 故用定冠词。 第六处: exciting→excited。 考查形容词。 该句主语为 I, 修饰人, 应用形容词 excited, 表示“激动的,兴奋的”。 第七处:attraction→attractions。考查名词的数。attraction 作“吸引人的事物”讲 时,为可数名词,根据该句中的 some 可知,此处指多个旅游景点,故用复数形 式。 第八处:proudly→proud。考查形容词。该句中的感官动词 felt 用作系动词,后 接形容词。 第九处:fail→fails。考查动词的时态和主谓一致。该句陈述的是一般情况,故用 一般现在时;该句主语为 One,为第三人称单数,故用 fails。 第十处:删除 but 或 but 改为 yet。although 不能和 but 连用,能和 yet 连用。补 充:此处也可删除 Although,但是语意上没有修改 but 好。 E (2017· 福州市综合质量检测)Most people directly link senior high school life with plenty of stress and endless homeworks.However, some interested activities indeed contribute to reduce the pressure.Last week the entertainment department of our Student Union organized the activity in which each class shoot a short movie.Our class chose a story setting in World War Ⅱ,that showed the preciousness of peace.I think this process was a good lesson that taught to me how to strike a balance between studying or relaxation.Now I am determined than ever to treasure everything I have and fight for my future. 【答案】 Most people directly link senior high school life with plenty of stress and endless

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homeworks interested reduce .However, some activities indeed contribute to homework interesting reducing the the pressure.Last week the entertainment department of our Student Union organized an shoot setting activity in which each class shot a short movie.Our class chose a story set in that World War Ⅱ,which showed the preciousness of peace.I think this process was a or good lesson that taught ﹨ to me how to strike a balance between studying and ∧ relaxation.Now I am more determined than ever to treasure everything I have and fight for my future. 第一处:homeworks→homework。考查名词。homework 为不可数名词,没有复 数形式。 第二处: interested→interesting。 考查形容词。 interesting 修饰物, 意为“有趣的”; 根据该句中的名词 activities 可知答案;interested 修饰人,意为“感兴趣的”。 第三处:reduce→reducing。考查动名词。该句中短语“contribute to”中的 to 为介 词,后接动名词。 第四处:the→an。考查不定冠词。根据语境可知 ,该处泛指“一次活动”,故 用不定冠词。 第五处:shoot→shot。考查动词的时态。根据该句的时间状语“Last week”可知, 该句陈述的事情发生在过去,故用一般过去时。 第六处:setting→set。考查过去分词。a story 和 set 之间为动宾关系,表示“以 二战为背景的故事”,故用过去分词作后置定语。 第七处:that→which。考查关系代词。分析该句结构可知,该句为非限制性定语 从句,关系词指代前面的 a story,在从句中作主语,故用 which。 第八处:删除 to。考查固定用法。teach 为及物动词,后直接加宾语,不需要接
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to。teach sb.sth.为固定用法,意为“教某人……”。 第九处: or 改为 and 。考查连词。该处表示在学*和放松之间取得*衡。 between...and...意为“在……和……之间”。 第十处:在 am 后加 more。考查比较级。根据该句中的 than 可知,该处应用比 较级。 F (2017· 石 家 庄 市 教 学 质 量 检 测 二 )With the development of science and technology,intelligent robots will be wide used in the future. At home,robots will help people do some housework and taking care of the elderly,babies and patients.In addition to these task,robots will even be able to play the chess and do exercise with people.In factories , robots will be used to perform some dangerous jobs avoid accidents. Robots will change our future life by many ways,what will make it more colorful and comfortable.Therefore,we shouldn't depend on intelligent robots too much,for they were made to help humans rather than replace us.As helpers of we humans,robots should be used properly. 【答案】 With the development of science and technology,intelligent robots will be wide widely used in the future. At home,robots will help people do some housework and taking task care of the elderly , babies and p atients.In addition to these take tasks,robots will even be able to play the ﹨ chess and do exercise with people.In factories, robots will be ∧ used to perform some dangerous jobs to avoid accidents. by what Robots will change our future life in many ways,which will make it more Therefore colorful and comfortable. However ,we shouldn't depend on intelligent robots too were we much,for they are made to help humans rather than replace us.As helpers of us
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humans,robots should be used properly. 第一处:wide→widely。考查副词。修饰动词,故用副词。wide 也可作副词,意 为“尽可能广地”,不符合语境。 第二处: taking→take 。考查固定用法。根据该句中的 “help people do some housework and”可知,此处应用原形;help sb.(to) do sth.为固定用法。 第三处: task→tasks。 考查名词的数。 task 为可数名词, 根据该词前的 these 可知, 应用复数形式。 第四处:删除 the。考查冠词。play chess 为固定用法,意为“下象棋”;棋类名 词前不用冠词。 第五处:jobs 后加 to。考查动词不定式。在工厂里,机器人将被用于执行危险任 务,以避免事故。分析句子结构可知,应用动词不定式表目的。 第六处:by→in。考查介词。in many ways 意为“在很多方面”。 第七处:what→which。考查关系代词。分析该句结构可知,该句为非限制性定 语从句,且先行词为 ways,故用 which 引导该定语从句。 第八处:Therefore→However。考查副词。上句说,机器人将改变我们未来的生 活,使我们的生活多彩而舒适;该句说,我们不能过度依赖智能机器人;据此可 知,两句间为转折关系,故用 However。 第九处:were→are。考查动词的时态。机器人是被用来帮助人类的 ,而不是来 代替人类的。该句陈述的是客观事实,故用一般现在时。 第十处:we→us。考查代词。of 后接宾语,故用宾格 us。

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