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英语专八作文范文:西安大清真寺英文导游辞

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  英语专八作文范文:西安大清真寺英文导游辞

  2016专八改革作文类型更趋于题材作文,不仅需要考生对词汇及语法的熟悉运用更是对考生思维拓展的一项考察,新东方在线专八频道整理了一系列英语专八作文范文供考生们参考练*。

  The Great Mosque at Huajue Lane

  The Mosque is a major spot for religious activities of over 60.000 Moslems in Xian, likewise, an important cultural relic protected by the Provincial Peoples Government. Unlike the Arabic mosques, with splendid domes, the minarets reaching into the clouds, the colorful engraved sketches with dazzling patterns, the Mosque here in Xian possesses much Chinese traditional touch in both its design and artistic outlook; besides the style peculiar to Islamic mosques, this Mosque also holds characteristics of Chinese pavilions with painted beams and engraved ridgepoles.

  However, any further discussion about the Mosque will be futile unless anything of the introduction of Islam into China is brought up.

  Islam as a religious order was founded in the early period of the 7th century A.D. and was introduced to China in the mid-600s. At that time, Arabian merchants and travelers came to the northwest of China by way of Persia and Afghanistan and thus established diplomatic, trade, and military contacts with China. In the meantime, another route saw a batch of sea voyagers through Bangladesh Bay and the Malacca Strait to Chinas Guangzhou, Quanzhou, Huangzhou, Yangzhou and other cities where many of them settled down and married the local women who later gave birth to babies who then became Moslems.

  However, massive immigration of the Moslems to China did not take place until as late as the early period of the 13th century, when Genghis Khan, as a result of his expedition against the west, had conquered vast expanses of land stretching from Central Asia to Eastern Europe, including the north of Iran. Many of the Moslems in the conquered areas were thus forced to enlist and later settled in China.

  Among the enlisted many were soldiers, and some were smiths and officials who were called the Hui people in the history books on the Yuan dynasty. The Hui people later followed Kublai Khan down to the south, helping him unifying China and then establish the Yuan dynasty. In the wake of the conquest, Islam spread all over China and mosques began to appear everywhere. In the Yuan dynasty, many Moslems held positions both in the military and civilian organs of the country. And a lot of the Moslems took part in Zhu Yuanzhangs uprising in the early 14th century and made great contributions to the founding of the Ming Dynasty. Therefore, all the emperors of the Dynasty issued mandates to protect Islam, and to set up mosques in praise of the Moslems for their feats. In the early 16th century, Islam predominated Qinghai on the minority nationalities including the Huis, the Uygurs, the Kazaks, the Kirgizes, the Tajiks, the Tartars, the Ozbeks, the Dong Xiangs, the Salars and the Bonans. The Moslems in Xian are mainly the Huis, being a small portion out of the ten million in China.

  The Mosque at Hua Jue Lane is the largest in Xian, and at the same time, it is also one of the earliest built on a comparatively large scale, and well preserved mosques in China.



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